Jewish Trivia Quiz

from RASHI, RAMBAM and RAMALAMADINGDONG: A Quizbook of Jewish Trivia Facts & Fun by New Orleans native Mark Zimmerman

Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg was in the news last week, as she suffered three broken ribs from a fall in her office. What is unique about the chambers of Justice Ginsburg in the Supreme Court building?

Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Ruth Bader Ginsburg official portrait

A. Justice Ginsburg’s chambers is the only room in the Supreme Court building where a seder has been held. In 2007, the court was scheduled to meet on the day of the first seder. Knowing that the session would run relatively late in the day, Justice Ginsburg offered to host a “mini seder” in her chambers, which was attended by the Jewish court clerks, Justice Ginsburg, and the other Jewish justice serving at that time, Stephen Breyer.

BWhile some other justices have a copy of the Ten Commandments on their wall, only Justice Ginsburg has a copy of the Ten Commandments with the wording and numbering according to Jewish tradition.

CThe chambers of Justice Ginsburg is the only room in the Supreme Court where a minyan has met. In 2015, one of the lawyers arguing before the court was in a bind, because he was saying shiva for his father, and the court session was running late. The attorney approached the judges and asked if it might be possible to take a fifteen minute break, and his request was granted. Between the lawyers and the court employees present, there were enough Jews for a minyan, and Justice Ginsburg offered her chambers as a site for the service.

D. Justice Ginsburg’s chambers is the only room in the Supreme Court building with a mezuzah.

E. Justice Ginsburg’s chambers is the only room in the Supreme Court building with a doctor on 24 hour standby, paid for by the Democratic National Committee.

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Alec Baldwin

Actor Alec Baldwin was in the news last week, as he was arrested for allegedly assaulting a man during a parking dispute. Baldwin has been in the middle of many controversies in the past, including what Israel-related event?

Alec Baldwin

Alec Baldwin by Gage Skidmore is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0.

AThe Dominican newspaper El Nacional ran an article about Donald Trump and Israel, following Trump’s comments last year that the Israeli West Bank settlements “don’t help the [peace] process.” The article was accompanied by a picture of Israel Prime Minister Bibi Netanyahu and, inadvertently, a photo of Alex Baldwin, made up as Donald Trump for a Saturday Night Live sketch.

BIn 2017, Alec Baldwin performed on Broadway in a production of the play Orphans. The Shubert Organization, which produced the show, planned a one night production of the show in Tel Aviv as a fundraiser to support Israel’s Habima Theatre. The original cast were all scheduled to perform; however, Baldwin backed out in support of the BDS movement, after he was contacted and pressured by his friend Roger Waters of Pink Floyd, a BDS activist.

C. Baldwin visited Israel in 2013 and made an appearance at the Western Wall. He happened to come upon a bar mitzvah celebration, and when the celebrants began dancing a hora around the bar mitzvah boy, a rabbi grabbed Baldwin’s hand and tried to bring him into the circle. Baldwin shoved the rabbi, and police moved in. Baldwin says that he did not realize what was happening and felt threatened when he was grabbed. No charges were filed, and the actor apologized and made a donation to The Western Wall Heritage Foundation, the body responsible for overseeing the area of the Western Wall.

DBaldwin has had frequent run-ins with photographers, including during a trip to Israel that he took with his wife Hilaria in 2014. When a photographer got too close to Hilaria in the Machane Yehuda market in Jerusalem, Baldwin punched him, and more dramatically given the location, called the photographer a "f-ing terrorist.”

EIn the spring of 2016, Alec Baldwin appeared on the Israeli television satire program, Eretz Nehederet, which is often referred to as the Israeli Saturday Night Live. The sketch depicted an actor as Netanyahu, making a phone call to Donald Trump (played by Baldwin), asking Trump for advice on how to handle the media that was regularly attacking him. Baldwin, as Trump, never managed to answer the question, spending the entire time trying to get the Prime Minister’s name right, saying “Shalom, Bubbie, um, Bobby? Bo Bo? Baba Ganoush? Wait, what is it? Bim Bam? Boobies?  Well, whatever. Thanks for calling. Bye bye. Oh, is that it? Bye Bye?” It was as a result of this sketch that Baldwin was later hired by SNL to replace Darrell Hammond as their Trump impersonator.

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Ariana Grande

Ariana Grande is in the news following the announcement of her breakup with Saturday Night Live cast member Pete Davidson. Grande was raised Catholic, but turned away from the religion because of the theology regarding homosexuality, in solidarity with her gay brother, Frankie. She now studies kabbalah and has been reported to call herself Jewish. What is another Jewish connection in Ariana Grande’s life?

Ariana Grande

Ariana Grande by Emma is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0.

AMovie and television executive Steve Tisch, also an owner of the New York Giants, first came to know Ariana Grande when she was on the Nickolodeon show Victorious, where she played the part of Cat Valentine. Tisch was a producer on that show, and later asked Grande to sing the National Anthem for the Giants opening game of the 2016 season. In 2017, Tisch hired Grande to perform as the entertainment at the bar mitzvah of his grandson, Jason, which took place at MetLife Stadium, home field of the Giants.

B. Grande grew up in Florida, where she attended the bar and bat mitzvahs of many of her friends, even singing in Hebrew on the bima at her best friend’s bat mitzvah.

C. One of Grande’s first performing roles was as a cast member of the Broadway show 13, a show about a Jewish boy, Evan, who moves from New York to a small town in Indiana, shortly before his bar mitzvah. Evan struggles to make new friends (including Charlotte, the cheerleader played by Grande) who will come to his bar mitzvah party.

D. Grande was invited to perform in Tel Aviv at a concert in Hayarkon Park in 2016. She wasn’t sure if she should accept this engagement, as she received pressure from people involved in the BDS movement, who threatened a boycott if she sang in Israel. However, Grande had recently begun dating rapper Mac Miller, who was Jewish, and he convinced her to make the trip. The concert was attended by more than 45,000 people.

E. Grande’s best friend growing up was the granddaughter of Howard Schultz, former CEO of Starbucks. Schultz met Grande at his granddaughter’s bat mitzvah party, where Ariana sang a song for her best friend. Schultz went on to name the 16 ounce size of coffee at Starbucks after Ariana.

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The Lottery

Lotto fever has hit the country, as the Mega Millions first prize in this week’s drawing will be at least $1.6 billion, an all-time high amount. Israel offers its own lottery, known as Mifal HaPayis, with a variety of games including a bi-weekly 7-number drawing, as well as a keno-type game, a daily 3-digit game, and scratch-offs. Which of the following is a true story about the Israeli Mifal HaPayis lottery?

The lottery

Lotto by Paul Sableman is licensed under CC BY 2.0.

A. The name “Mifal HaPayis” means “The Side Curl Enterprise,” referencing the side curls, or payis, of Chassidic men. The name was chosen when the lottery was first established in Israel in 1951 to provide funding for young Chassidic men who were studying at yeshivas, and who in most cases did not have income-producing jobs. (Today Mifal Hapayis supports schools, hospitals, parks, performing arts, and many other community resources).

BWaze, the navigation app, is one of the most successful GPS applications in the world. The software was originally developed in 2006 by Israeli programmer Ehud Shabtai, as a school project at the Israeli Technion University, where he was studying. While he hoped to find funding to enable him to turn his project into a marketable application, he had been unsuccessful until he happened to win NIS 20,000 (equivalent to $5200) in a Mifal Hapayis drawing, a contest he had been entering weekly for years. He was able to utilize those winnings to set up a small company, finalize the app design, and begin offering Waze in the iTunes store. In 2013 Waze was purchased by Google for $966 million.

C. Mifal Hapayis was successfully sued by the estate of Charlie Chaplin for illegally using a “Little Tramp”-like character with bowler hat and cane in its ad campaign, plastered over billboards, buses, and elsewhere. According to Josephine Chaplin, the comedian’s daughter, “They [lottery officials] said everybody dressed that way back then, with a bowler hat and a cane.”

DOne of the games sponsored by Mifal Hapayis is the 123 Daily Draw game, in which players must correctly choose three numbers between 0 and 9, in the correct order in which they were drawn. On September 14, 2009, this game set a record for the largest number of winning tickets ever sold for a single game, as more than 629,000 people selected the winning numbers of 6, 1, and 3, causing a huge financial loss that week for the lottery. Apparently, because the numbers 6, 1, and 3 correspond to the number of commandments in the Torah, tickets with these numbers are sold in staggeringly huge quantities compared to any other number combination. 

EAs in the United States, winners of huge Mifal Hapayis payouts appear on Israeli television for a press conference. However, unlike in the United States where most states require the winners to come forward publicly, Mifal Hapayis wants to protect the privacy of its prize winners, while still presenting a press conference as part of their marketing approach. Therefore Mifal Hapayis officials provide large welder-type masks to the winners, who appear live on TV wearing this strange head gear.

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The Lottery

Lotto fever has hit the country, as the Mega Millions first prize in this week’s drawing will be at least $1.6 billion, an all-time high amount. Israel offers its own lottery, known as Mifal HaPayis, with a variety of games including a bi-weekly 7-number drawing, as well as a keno-type game, a daily 3-digit game, and scratch-offs. Which of the following is a true story about the Israeli Mifal HaPayis lottery?

The lottery

Lotto by Paul Sableman is licensed under CC BY 2.0.

A. The name “Mifal HaPayis” means “The Side Curl Enterprise,” referencing the side curls, or payis, of Chassidic men. The name was chosen when the lottery was first established in Israel in 1951 to provide funding for young Chassidic men who were studying at yeshivas, and who in most cases did not have income-producing jobs. (Today Mifal Hapayis supports schools, hospitals, parks, performing arts, and many other community resources).

BWaze, the navigation app, is one of the most successful GPS applications in the world. The software was originally developed in 2006 by Israeli programmer Ehud Shabtai, as a school project at the Israeli Technion University, where he was studying. While he hoped to find funding to enable him to turn his project into a marketable application, he had been unsuccessful until he happened to win NIS 20,000 (equivalent to $5200) in a Mifal Hapayis drawing, a contest he had been entering weekly for years. He was able to utilize those winnings to set up a small company, finalize the app design, and begin offering Waze in the iTunes store. In 2013 Waze was purchased by Google for $966 million.

C. Mifal Hapayis was successfully sued by the estate of Charlie Chaplin for illegally using a “Little Tramp”-like character with bowler hat and cane in its ad campaign, plastered over billboards, buses, and elsewhere. According to Josephine Chaplin, the comedian’s daughter, “They [lottery officials] said everybody dressed that way back then, with a bowler hat and a cane.”

DOne of the games sponsored by Mifal Hapayis is the 123 Daily Draw game, in which players must correctly choose three numbers between 0 and 9, in the correct order in which they were drawn. On September 14, 2009, this game set a record for the largest number of winning tickets ever sold for a single game, as more than 629,000 people selected the winning numbers of 6, 1, and 3, causing a huge financial loss that week for the lottery. Apparently, because the numbers 6, 1, and 3 correspond to the number of commandments in the Torah, tickets with these numbers are sold in staggeringly huge quantities compared to any other number combination. 

EAs in the United States, winners of huge Mifal Hapayis payouts appear on Israeli television for a press conference. However, unlike in the United States where most states require the winners to come forward publicly, Mifal Hapayis wants to protect the privacy of its prize winners, while still presenting a press conference as part of their marketing approach. Therefore Mifal Hapayis officials provide large welder-type masks to the winners, who appear live on TV wearing this strange head gear.

Click here for the answer.

Jews in Turkey

Tensions are rising in the Middle East, as Turkey has accused Saudi Arabia of murdering a Turkish reporter inside the Saudi embassy in Istanbul. There is a long Jewish history in Turkey, going back to at least the 5th century BCE. And according to some theories, Noah’s ark came to rest on Mt. Ararat in Turkey. Dr. Eran Elhaik, of the University of Sheffield in England, claims that a significant percentage of world Jewry has roots that can be traced to an area of northwest Turkey. His research is based on genetic and historical evidence, but in addition, Dr. Elhaik notes that there are three villages near each other in this part of Turkey that are indicative of the Jewish roots of the area. What are the names of the three towns?

Map of Turkey

Map of Turkey by sk is licensed under CC BY-ND 2.0.

ASephardaz, Turkey; Tzafartaz, Turkey; and Sephardekez, Turkey.

BIskenaz, Turkey; Eskenaz, Turkey; and Ashanaz, Turkey.

CAbrahamaz, Turkey; Isakaz Turkey; and Jacobez, Turkey.

DDavidaz, Turkey; Shlomaz, Turkey; and Shaulez, Turkey.

EWild, Turkey; Cold, Turkey, and Empire, Turkey.

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Etrog Wars

A primary part of the celebration of the Sukkot holiday is the practice of holding and shaking the lulav and etrog. The lulav consists of three parts–branches from the palm tree, the willow, and the myrtle. The etrog is a citrus fruit similar in appearance to a lemon. The etrog, also known as the citron, was first cultivated in the Far East, possibly making its way to the Mediterranean region around 300 BCE via the armies of Alexander the Great. What controversy about etrogim (plural for etrog) became known as the Etrog Wars?

Etrog

AThe “war” was between the Pharisees and the Sadducees in ancient Israel, during the time of the 2nd Temple. The only mention of the etrog in the Torah is in Leviticus 23:40, which references pri etz hadar or “the fruit of a beautiful tree.” The Pharisees used the citron during their ceremonies, while the Sadducees used the pomegranate. Members of the two communities almost came to blows during the celebration of Sukkot at the Temple, with each vying for the primacy of their fruit as the most beautiful. Ultimately, however, the approach of the Pharisees won out as the Sadducees community disappeared following the destruction of the Temple.

B. The “war” was between Ashkenazic Jews and Sephardic Jews in the 1800’s, with a dispute regarding the status of an etrog without a pitom, the tip of the etrog. Ashkenazic Jews did not require that the pitom be in place, perhaps because they generally had to bring in etrogim from Mediterranean regions, so the pitom was more likely to have broken off during shipping. Sephardic Jews, who lived where etrogim were grown, did not have this problem, and considered the etrog to be unkosher for ceremonial use if the pitom was not in place. Over time the Ashkenazic community adopted the Sephardic practice, with the great Ashkenazic Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook ultimately ruling in this way in 1919 when he became Chief Rabbi of Jerusalem, saying “The future, my brother, is with the pitom. Only with the pitom can we bless the lulav and etrog and live in harmony with our brothers from the Levant.”

C. The “war” was between etrog growers in Corfu, Greece and growers in Palestine, during the 19th century. Jews in Eastern Europe, where conditions did not allow for growing etrogim, were purchasing from Corfu as those etrogim were considered the most beautiful in the world. But Jewish growers in Palestine claimed that the Corfu etrogim were not kosher, as they came from etrog trees grafted onto lemon trees (a process that produced hardier trees). The dispute continued into the 20th century, with the esteemed Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook weighing in against Corfu etrogim, saying “The future, my brother, is with the kosher etrog, with the power of kashrut, and only with the kosher etrog will we win the battle of those who are against us, the Corfu mamzer [etrogim].”

DThe “war” was between the House of Hillel and the House of Shammai. They were debating the proper holding of the lulav and etrog. Hillel stated that because the lulav consisted of three items, it reflected three mitzvot, rather than the single mitzvah of the etrog. Therefore, the lulav should be held in the right hand, which was considered to be the more important hand. Shammai, who was left handed, stated that the lulav should be held in whichever hand was the dominant hand of the person, arguing that the more important hand was not always the right hand, but rather the individual’s dominant hand. As with most disputes between Hillel and Shammai, the predominate practice today is to hold the lulav in the right hand, per Hillel’s argument.

EThe “war” was between the Chabad community in Paris and a French car manufacturer. Prior to Sukkot, Jews everywhere, and in particular, Chassidic Jews, devote hours to shopping for the most beautiful etrog. Every year since 1983, Chabad of Paris has opened an etrog store in the weeks prior to Sukkot, where thousands of Jews come to make their holiday purchase. The store goes by its French name, Le Magasin Citroën, the citron store. In 1987, the auto manufacturer Citroën filed a lawsuit claiming that the store name violated their trademark. For the trial, Chabad purchased a Citroën car, painted it to look like an etrog, and parked it outside the courthouse, inviting passers-by to shake a lulav and etrog. The judge ultimately ruled in favor of Chabad, and Le Magasin Citroën has since then opened every year at Sukkot with an etrog-painted Citroën parked in front.

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Sukkot in Shanghai

In 1998, Rabbi Shalom Greenberg and his wife Dina moved to Shanghai, China where they established the Shanghai Jewish Center under Chabad auspices. Since then the rabbi has overseen the growth of the local Jewish community and catered to the needs of visiting Jewish travelers, business people and students. His interactions with the local Chinese community have occasionally been complicated. What incident related to Sukkot caused a problem for Rabbi Greenberg in dealing with the local Chinese population?

Sukkah

A. In 1998 Rabbi Greenberg was cutting down bamboo that was growing wild along a stream near his house, intending to use it as schach, the roof covering for his sukkah. He did not know that it is illegal to cut down bamboo in China unless one has a license, and was arrested and brought before the Local People’s Court. He was released after paying a fine of 100 yuan (approximately $14.00), and every year since then he has obtained a license before the holiday.

B. Rabbi Greenberg had invited some of his Chinese neighbors to eat in his sukkah, and during the evening he was explaining the holiday and its traditions. At one point he mentioned that at the end of the holiday, Jews celebrated Hoshana Rabbah, the last day of Sukkot when their fate for the year is finally sealed. The guests began to giggle, leading the rabbi to wonder what he said that was so funny. He finished his talk, and after dinner he spoke to one of the guests. Said the man, “Rabbi, we are sorry if we embarrassed you by our laughter. When you said you celebrate Hoshanah Rabbah, we heard the Chinese word hoshào which means ‘belly button.’ It was funny to think that the Jews celebrate the belly button.”

C. Since arriving in Shanghai Rabbi Greenberg had been erecting a traditional sukkah every year. In 2010, he decided to alter the sukkah design slightly by adding upturned “flying eaves,” to the roof corners, as an homage to the local architecture found on Chinese temples. The rabbi was contacted by local Buddhist leaders who explained to him that his sukkah was actually an offense as it was inappropriate to utilize elements of their holy temple on a building used for religious purposes that were foreign to Buddhism. As a result, the rabbi rebuilt his sukkah, and the following year, he made a point of inviting local Buddhist leaders to dine in his sukkah and share information about the two religions.

D. When Rabbi Greenberg built a sukkah in 1998, the first time he was in Shanghai for Sukkot, he was brought before local authorities at the Public Security Bureau who investigated him for building an “underground church” for the purpose of illegal proselytizing activity. Rabbi Greenberg agreed to take down the sukkah (which he delayed doing until the end of the holiday). Subsequently he was able to educate local authorities and convince them that the tiny size of the Chinese Jewish community was proof that Jews were not a proselytizing religion and he has since been allowed to build a sukkah every year.

E. Rabbi Greenberg’s landlord noticed that the rabbi was sleeping in his sukkah and thought that he and his wife were having a marital dispute and possibly planning to divorce. When the rabbi moved back inside at the end of the holiday the neighbors rejoiced.

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Yom Kippur Neilah

Neilah is the closing service at the end of Yom Kippur. The service includes many of the same traditional liturgical prayers chanted throughout the High Holidays, including Ashrei, Selichot, and Avinu Malkeinu. Unique to Neilah is the chanting of the El Nora Alila, a Sephardic hymn attributed to Moses ibn Ezra. Within the Chabad Lubavitcher movement, there is a tradition wherein their congregations break into song at the end of Neilah with an unusual song choice. What song do they chant?

Shofar

AWedding March in C major, by Felix Mendelssohn, grandson of Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn.

BNapoleon’s March, which was played by Napoleon’s armies as they invaded Russia in 1812.

CHallelujah, by Leonard Cohen.

DLamentations of Jeremiah, by 16th century British composer Thomas Tallis.

EFeed Me from Little Shop of Horrors.

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Unetaneh Tokef

The recitation of the Unetaneh Tokef prayer is one of the central liturgical moments of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur services. The prayer speaks to one of the major themes of the holidays–“Who shall live and who shall die. Who shall perish by water and who by fire. Who shall be exalted and who shall be brought low,” followed by the hopeful and elevating response to those questions–“But repentance, prayer and righteousness avert the severe decree.” Who wrote this famous prayer?

Round challah

AThe prayer was written by Tanna Rav in 3rd century Babylonia. He was also the author of the Aleinu prayer, which, like the Unetaneh Tokef, was originally written for the High Holidays services, though it later became part of the daily prayer ritual.

BJust before he was killed, Rabbi Ephrayim of Bonn uttered these words, which he claimed were told to him in a dream by Rabbi Amnon of Mainz.

CNo one knows.

DRabbi Moses ben Maimon, more commonly known as the Rambam or Maimonides, wrote the Unetaneh Tokef as a liturgical expression of the themes of The 13 Principles of Faithhis famous commentary on the Mishneh. The Unetaneh Tokef specifically references the 10th principle–God’s awareness of all human actions and thoughts, and the 11th–Reward of good and punishment of evil.

E. RASHI, RAMBAM and RAMALAMADINGDONG is taking the rare step of allowing the author of the Unetaneh Tokef to remain anonymous. The author is a “senior official of the synagogue” who claims to be “one of the adults” in the shul. He says that he is “not of the deep-chevra, but of the steady-chevra,” and that his goal is to expose the amorality, the repetitive rants, the impulsiveness and the reckless decisions of the synagogue president, in hopes of getting all members of the congregation to reach across the mechitzah and follow a common lodestar of David.

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