Thursday, September 23rd 2021   |

Today in Israeli History

Camp David Summit Begins

September 5, 1978 The Camp David Summit begins at the Catoctin Mountain presidential retreat in Hauvers, Maryland. Conducted within the framework of U.N. Security Council Resolution 242, enacted in 1967 after the Six-Day War, the negotiations over 13 days among Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, U.S. President Jimmy Carter and their […]

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New Shekel Is Introduced

September 4, 1985 The new Israeli shekel is introduced as the currency of the state. The original shekel, named for a biblical currency, came into use in 1980 as a replacement for the Israeli pound, responding to decades of requests rooted in a desire to have a Hebrew name for the state’s currency. The old […]

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Scholar Nechama Leibowitz Is Born

September 3, 1905 Scholar, teacher and biblical commentator Nechama Leibowitz is born in Riga, Latvia, where she grows up competing with her brother, future Israeli philosopher Yeshayahu Leibowitz, in their father’s Bible quizzes. The family moves in 1919 to Berlin, where Leibowitz lives until she earns her doctorate. She then moves to Mandatory Palestine in […]

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Israel Begins Jordan River Project

September 2, 1953 Israel starts work on a project to divert some of the water of the Jordan River at the B’not Yaakov (Daughters of Jacob) Bridge in the north of the state for use in irrigating the Negev and in the process generate electricity. In 1952, the Agriculture Ministry’s water department published its seven-year […]

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Arab League Signs 3 ‘Nos’

September 1, 1967 The Arab League summit in Khartoum, Sudan, ends with the signing of the Khartoum Resolutions, best known for the conclusions that become known as the “Three Nos”: no recognition of Israel, no negotiations with Israel and no peace with Israel. The summit is held in the shadow of the Arab defeat in […]

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Herzl’s Body Buried in Israel

August 17, 1949 Theodor Herzl, who was buried in Vienna after his death July 20, 1904, is reburied along with his wife and parents on the Jerusalem hill that is renamed Mount Herzl in his honor. The ceremony fulfills a clause the father of modern Zionism inserted into his will in March 1903 in which […]

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Physicist Jacob Bekenstein Dies

August 16, 2015 Physicist Jacob Bekenstein, whose work on black holes advanced efforts to create a theory of quantum gravity, dies of a heart attack at age 68 in Helsinki, Finland, where he is scheduled to give a lecture. Born in Mexico City in 1947 to Polish Jewish immigrants, Bekenstein became a U.S. citizen in […]

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First Crusaders Set Out for Holy Land

August 15, 1096 The armies of the First Crusade officially embark from Western Europe on their quest to capture the Holy Land, especially the holy city of Jerusalem, from Muslims. Jerusalem has been controlled for about 60 years by Muslim Seljuk Turks, who established peaceful coexistence with Byzantine Christians in Jerusalem. But that peaceful relationship […]

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Writer Nathan Alterman Is Born

August 14, 1910 Nathan Alterman, a poet, journalist, translator, author and playwright, is born in Warsaw. He moves to Tel Aviv with his family in 1925. He studies agriculture in France and briefly works at the Mikveh Israel agricultural school in 1932 but soon devotes himself to writing. He publishes his first book of poetry, […]

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Composer Nurit Hirsch Is Born

August 13, 1942 Nurit Hirsch, a musician and composer, is born in Tel Aviv. From a young age, she plays piano at a theater, a ballet studio and a quartet club. She plays in a Armored Corps band unit during her Israel Defense Forces service, then begins to compose songs. She learns with Israel Prize […]

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