This Day in Jewish History

This Day, June 4, In Jewish History by Mitchell A and Deb Levin Z”L

Thursday June 4th, 2020 01:25:55 AM


1039 Conrad II passed away.  Born in 990, he served Holy Roman Emperor from 1027 until his death. His reign was part of positive period for the Jews of the Rhineland. The first synagogue was built in Worms in 1034 and Rabbi Gershom ben Judah taught at his famous academy in Mainz until his death in 1028.

1391: A riotous mob led by the Queen Mother’s confessor, killed many Jews in Seville, Spain.

The massive riots were part of Ferran Martinez’s plan to eradicate the Jews. Historian Netanyahu stated the assault upon the Jewish community “resulted in a bloodbath of massive proportions that all but annihilated the Sevillian Juderia.”

1632: Jacob Bassewi (Bassevi) and Leon Bassewi, his cousin and business partner, “received a privilege from the Duke governing Prague that gave them “the right to do business without any hindrance in all the town, markets and areas of the dukedoms of Friedland, Sagan and Glogau”

1632: Albrecht Wallenstein, the Count of Friedland, granted Jacob Bassewi and his cousin Leon Bassewi in order to improve his possibilities for business and living, the exceptional freedom to build a house in our town of Reichenberg at the best location for him and in order to speed up the process we order, you our chief officer, to support him with material and payments to the citizen builders. In the event that he should find a house that is already built, we give you the powers to allow him to buy it and allow him to have his friends or children, Jewish or gentile, to live there and to direct his business from there. We further order that, if the Bassewi people need protection anywhere in our Dukedom or in all of the Kingdom of Bohemia, they shall enjoy our highest official protection. Nobody shall dare to act against this our will without punishment. We seal this letter with our great seal.”

1672(9th of Sivan): Rabbi Moses Rikves, author of Be’er ha-Golah passed away
1697: Birthdate Rabbi Jacob Israel Emden, the Altona born Talmudic scholar most famous for his fight against those whom he considered to be Sabbateans.  His most famous dispute was the one with Rabbi Jonathan Eybeschutz.

1733: The Prattenburg, on which Jacob de Beer has been serving as ship gunner arrived in Batavia today 211 days after its departure fomr the Netherlands.

1738: Birthdate of King George III, the British monarch best remembered as the ruler during the American Revolution. During his reign conditions of his Jewish subjects would improve on several fronts as can be seem from the establishment of the London Board of Shechita, establishment of the Jews’ Free School and Jewish Blind Society.

1767(7thof Sivan, 5527): Bezaleel, the son of Moses Brandeis ha-Levi, who like his father “was the district rabbi of Bunzlau (Bohemia) passed away today

1751(11th of Sivan): Rabbi Abraham Geron of Adrianople, author of Tikkun Soferimpassed away

1756(6thof Sivan, 5516): Shavuot celebrated as George Washington writes to his subordinates during the French and Indian War expressing his approval of the advance of the Prince William Militia

1775(6thof Sivan, 5535): Thirteen days before the Battle of Bunker Hill, while American forces are besieging the British at Boston, observance of Shavuot.

1783: Annibale Francesco Clemente Melchiore Girolamo Nicola Sermattei della Genga, the future Pope Leo XII who would put the Gate back on the Ghetto and pursue other policies inimical to the Jews, was ordained as a priest.

1789: “The Captivity of Judah” by William Crotch was played at Trinity Hall, Cambridge (UK).  Crotch was not Jewish but his pupil Charles Kensington Salaman, the British pianist and composer was.  Crotch’s “most successful composition was the oratorio “Palestine”

1794(7thof Sivan, 5554): Second Day of Shavuot was observed on the same day that Tadeusz Kosciuszko made changes in the military command of the rebels in Poland and Lithuania, home to large Jewish community that included the Vilna Gaon, that was fighting to end the Russian annexation of their country.

1805(7thof Sukkoth, 5565): Second Day of Sukkoth is observed on the same day that Lewis and Clark tried to find the true course of the Missouri River in what is now Montana during the exploration of the Louisiana Purchase

1811: Jacob Reuben married Leah Lyons today in the United Kingdom

1813(6thof Sivan, 5573): As the War of 1812 goes into its second year, observance of Shavuot.

1821: Influential 19th century economist David Ricardo the son of Anglo-Sephardic Jews who became a Unitarian when he married Priscilla Anne Wilkinson voted for criminal law reform as an MP.

1828: Lawrence Hyam married Caroline Elias at the Great Synagogue in London.

1829(3rdof Sivan, 5589): Hannah de Pass, the native of Kingston, Jamaica who was the daughter of Ralph de Pass and the wife of Benjamin Milhado whom she had married at Charleston in 1796 passed away today.

1832(6thof Sivan, 5592): As Andrew Jackson prepares to seek re-election, celebration of Shavuot.

1835(7thof Sivan, 5595): Second day of Shavuot

1835(7thof Sivan, 5595): Seventy year old Seckel Isaac Fränkel who in 1818 was the rabbi for the new Reform Jewish Temple of Hamburg for which he wrote a new prayer book passed away today.

1837: Joseph Baum married Esther Harris today in the United Kingdom.

1840: During the Damascus Affair, Adolphe Cremieux, vice president of the Central Consistoire of French Israelites, dispatched an appeal to Sir Moses Montefiore, President of the Board of Deputies of British Jews, to join with him and a delegation from the French Jewish community in a visitation to Mehemet Ali in Alexandria, Egypt. 

1841: At a time when Jews in Prague “had been prohibited from spending the summer in the suburbs” an edict was issued that allowed the Jews to own rural real estate provided that they “worked the land themselves.”

1843(6thof Sivan, 5603): Shavuot celebrated one day after the birth of King Frederick VIII of Denmark, under whose grandfather King Frederick the VII, the constitution removing the last restrictions on the Jews of that Denmark was adopted two days after the infant heir’s second birthday.

1848: French banker and opponent of Napoleon III’s imperial designs Michel Goudchaux was elected to the Assembly today in a by-election “In the department of the Seine.”

1851: In Voyska, Bohemia Simon Steinbach and Rosalie Weisskopf gave birth to Lewis W. Steinbach the husband of Johanna Rosenbaum who earned his medical degree at Jefferson Medical College who became a leading surgeon in Philadelphia, PA.

1852: Beth Hamedrash Hagadol “a congregation for Russian Jews was formed with the help of former German Jewish immigrants. This traditional congregation opened a school and soon became the center of Orthodoxy in the U.S. Abraham Joseph Ash, an halachic authority, was elected as its rabbi in 1860 and held the position until his death in 1888. So as not to be dependent on a community salary, he also tried his hand in business without much success.” While some like to emphasize the cleavages between the different elements of the New York Jewish community, this synagogue formed for Russian Jews, with support from German Jews, received financial assistance from a Sephardic Jew, a member of Shearith Israel, who provided funds that helped with the congregation’s purchase of its first building.

1856: Harry Gluckstein married Rose Lazarus at the Great Synagogue in London.

1857: The Springfield Republican reported that Isaac Jackson a Jewish boy who was either 17 or 18 years old had been robbed and shot to death by Charles Jones while he was driving a wagon on the road between Westfield and Russell, MA in a case of what the paper described as “a dreadful murder.”  Jackson was one of four brothers who owned a store at Westfield and delivered merchandize to the surrounding towns.  The murder appeared to have taken place on the first of June.  The missing wagon and the corpse were discovered on the second of June.  Charles Jones, a violent man with a criminal record has been taken into custody.

1871: Elizabeth and George Joseph Emanuel gave birth to Joseph Emanuel, the husband of Ethel Emanuel

1873: According to a report published today, the following New York City institutions received these payments from the Excise Fund New York:

Hebrew Free Schools:  1871 – $3899.00   1872 – $1806.00

Polomes Talmud Torah School: 1871- $420.00

1874: Publication of the first edition of The Morecambe Visitor and General Advertiser, (later just called The Visitor) which came under the sway of Arthur Caunt starting in 1898 who would be sued for libel when “he penned a diatribe against British Jews for not doing more to prevent Zionist killing of British troops in Palestine, describing ‘Jews as a plague on Britain.

1877: U.S. Secretary of State Seward received a letter from Meyer S. Isaacs, President of the Board of Delegates of American Israelites which requests that American diplomats help to protect Jews of Russian birth living in and around Jerusalem.  The ruling Ottomans were hostile to the Jews because they were Russian and because they were Jews.

1878: Three days after she had passed away, Sarah Henriques, the wife of Moses Henriques and the mother of Elizabeth Henriques was buried today in the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

1878: The Ottoman Empire ceded control of Cyprus to the British Empire. Ironically, Benjamin Disraeli was the Prime Minister when this happened.  After all for Jews, British control of the island has a negative connotation. They turned the island into a giant prison for Jewish refugees trying to get into Eretz Israel during after World War II.

1878: Sarah, “the beloved wife of M.J. Henriques” was buried today at the Balls Pond Jewish Cemetery three days after her death.

1880: Sarah Bernhardt signed a contract today for a series of 60 performances to be given this winter at Booth’s Theatre.

1881(7th of Sivan, 5641) Second Day of Shavuot

1882: A conference of delegates representing Jewish organizations from across the United States and Europe opened this morning at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum to discuss how to cope with the increasing stream of Jewish immigrants from Russia.  The Executive Committee of the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society had issued the call for the meeting and H.S. Henry, the Society’s President, presided over the opening session. Henry said that since its founding in December of 1881, HIAS has collected over $75,000, all but $7,000 of which it has spent on helping over 3,000 immigrants.  The leaders discussed the seemingly overwhelming task of helping their suffering co-religionists but affirmed their commitment to do so.  One of the practical programs discussed was the settling of refugees in the open tracts of land in Minnesota and the Dakotas. According to figures presented to the conference it would take over a thousand dollars to provide a single agricultural settler with everything from provisions, fuel, seed, livestock, 80 acres of land, materials to build a house, furnishings and provisions until the first harvest is sold.

1882: “A general conference of delegates from the various Jewish societies in the United States” which had been convened to discuss the challenges related to the continuous arrival of refugees from Russia opened this morning in New York at the Hebrew Orphan Asylum. “The meeting was called to order by H.S. Henry, President of the Hebrew Emigrant Aid Society of the United States.

1882: It was reported today that appeal is being circulated in Paris to secure funds to help Jews leave Russia.  Famed author Victor Hugo’s name is at the top of the list of those who signed the appeal.

1882: It was reported today that President Chester A. Arthur and former President U.S. Grant are among the leaders who will be attending the upcoming fundraiser designed to provide aid for Jewish refugees from Russia.

1882: It was reported today that European Jews are debating the direction Russian immigrants should take – west to the United States or east to Palestine.  An un-named Anglo Jewish citizen contends that the United States is the better of the two destinations. The movement to settle Palestine “is a mere hobby of Protestant Christians.”  The Ottoman government would not support the settlement and the Jews would be moving to a country less civilized than the one they are leaving.  Among the advantages offered by the United States are a high state of civilization, large unsettled areas and the 400,000 Jews already living there who would help the newcomers.

1883: In London Benjamin Leopold Farjeon, the son of Orthodox Jews and Maggie (Jefferson) Farjeon gave birth to British author Joseph Jefferson Farjeon

1883: In Altona, Germany, Emilie (née Fischel) and Otto Ehrenberg gave birth to Hans Phillip Ehrenberg a convert who co-founded the Confessing Church but who was forced to flee to England because of Jewish ancestry when the Nazis came to power.

1884: The Indian Agent at the Acoma Reservation wrote to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs complaining the Solomon Bibo had violated “his Trader’s License” when he entered into a business arrangement with members of that tribe.

1886(1stof Sivan, 5645): Rosh Chodesh Sivan\

1886: Printer Jacob Warschawski wrote in the American Hebrew today describing conditions in Kansas saying, “ We are scarce of rain, and if it will keep back a little longer it will be very hard for us new starters. We have organized a Home Protection Association in our colony with our Christian neighbors, and we will soon have a post office by the name, “Touro.” Among our colonists, and with our Christian neighbors there is Sholem, peace.”

1887: In Summit, NJ, Gustav Pollak, “an editor and writer for The Nation magazine” and Cecilia Heilprin gave birth to Harvard trained attorney Walter Heilprin Pollak who traded in career with white shoe law firm Sullivan and Cromwell to defend the downtrodden and the underdog including “the Scottsboro Boys” while developing a life-long friendship with Supreme Court Justice Benjamin Cardozo.

1890: In South Carolina, David L. Hart married Laura L. Levy today.

1892: Mrs. Davis the long time matron of the Ladies’ Deborah Nursery and Child’s Protectory offered an explanation for the discrepancy between their records and those of the police magistrate’s clerks.  According to Mrs. Davis, the Jewish agency does a more detailed check and often finds that the children are younger than originally reported which leads to a longer a stay at the facility which in turn results in additional charges to the government.

1892: Birthdate of Lithuania native Boris Deutsch, the “modernist who specialized in Jewish genre and figures” and who settled in Los Angeles in 1919 where produced his “single film, ‘Lullaby’ in 1929.”

1893: The Shirt Contractors’ Association posted a notice which the Jewish shirtmakers “regard as the beginning of a fight by the Contractors’ Association against the union.”  As if to reinforce their fears, 4 of the contractors lock out their shirtmakers today.

1894: Birthdate of Rumanian native and NYU trained dentist Dr. Moses Diamond, a professor of dental anatomy at Columbia University’s College of Dental and Oral Surgery who raised a son, Eli, with his wife Frances Goodman Diamond.

1894: It was reported today that Frederick Nathan was one of the members of the Finance Committee of the Mutual Employment Society which was founded last winter to help applicants find jobs at no cost to employers.

1894(29thof Iyar, 5654): Eighty-eight year old philologist and lexicographer Wilhelm Freund, author of Wörterbuch der Lateinischen Sprache passed away today at Breslau,

1894:”Reception at Montefiore Home” published today described the event which is usually held on Decoration Day but was postponed because of memorial services being held for the late Jesse Seligman.

1895: “Samuell Casten, alias ‘Jew Sam’ was indicted by the Grand Jury” in response to charges of grand larceny brought by Mrs. Helen Maillard/

1895: Henry Lipkie married Jessie Mayer today in the United Kingdom.

1896: In Bellaire, Ohio, the “Ladies’ Auxiliary Society of the Congregation Sons of Israel” whose members included Mrs. Max Herzberg and Mrs. Harry Herzberg was organized today.

1896: Judge Myer S. Isaacs was among the members of Council of the University sitting on the dignitaries’ platform at the New York University commencement exercises being held in Carnegie Hall.

1897: In Prague, Leopold and Valerie Pick gave birth to Holocaust victim Franziska Pick who became Franziska Bondy when she married Pavel Bondy.1897: The first issue of “Die Welt” appears. The English Hovevei Zion officially dissociates itself from the Zionist Congress.

1897(4thof Sivan, 5657): Sixty-eight year old Herford, Germany native Ferdinand Flak, the husband of Jeannette Levy Falk and the father of Arnold, Gustave, Myron and Gertrude Falk, passed away today after which he was buried in New Orleans at Hebrew Rest Cemetery.

1897: Sixty-four year old Leah Michaels, “the widow of Nathan Michaels” was buried today at the Plashet Jewish Cemetery in London.

1897: Sixty five year old Louis Blum was sentenced to ten days in prison for violating  the bottling law when broke off the heads of empty siphons and used as them as hooks for a chupah that was building at the synagogue where he was the sexton.

1898(14thof Sivan, 5658): Parashat Naso

1898: Violinist and conductor David Mannes, the New York City born son of Henry and Natalie (Wittkowsky) married Clara Mannes l

1898: The Human Rights League (Ligue des droits de l’homme or LDH) was founded today by Ludovic Trarieux to defend Captain Alfred Dreyfus who was falsely convicted on charges of treason.

1899: It was reported today that The Hebrew Citizens League of Jersey, whose objectives “will be to induce Hebrews are not naturalized to become citizens at once” and “to protect their legal rights” has filed articles of incorporation with County Clerk John G. Fisher.

1899: It was reported today that “the Dreyfus affair has been instrumental in weakening the bonds of friendship between Russia and France and in destroying the faith with which Russian military men had in the discipline of the French Army” which appears to be leading to a “rapprochement between Russia and Austria-Hungary.”

1899: A riot broke out at the Auteuil race course where the mob expressed its hostility for President Loubet with a variety of verbal assaults including the call of “Down with Traitors, Jews and Dreyfusites.!”

1899: The officers of the newly incorporated Hebrew Citizens’ League of Jersey City are: President – Louis Strang; Vice President – Samuel Lastage; Treasurer – Harris Steirman; Financial Secretary – Henry Weisberg; Counsul – Peter James; Sergeant at Arms – William Steirman.

1899: “Harsh Treatment of the Jews” published today described the “latest outrage against the Russian Jews” which took place at Nikolaev where an anti-Semitic movement started by religious fanatics who “pillaged” every shop owned by the Jews and left over 200 of them wounded, “many of them fatally.”

1899: “The Library of Princeton University” published today described the history of the institution and some of its prized tomes including “Jonathan Edward’s Hebrew Bible, a large folio with the celebrated theologian’s autograph.”

1899: “Science and Industry,” a compilation of activities in Europe published today described the opening of a Spinoza museum “in the house where the famous Hebrew philosopher lived and polished lenses for his bread at Rhynsburg, near Leyden” which “has been restored to its 17th century style.”

1899: The Neue Freie Presse publishes Herzl’s editorial about the return of Colonel Dreyfus.

1900(7thof Sivan, 5660): Second Day of Shavuot

1900: Birthdate of New Jersey native Helen Rovine, the husband of Benjamin Grossman with whom she had three children

1900: Birthdate of Nelson Glueck, American Jewish archaeologist. Director of the American School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem between 1932 and 1947, he explored and dated over 1,000 ancient sites in Palestine and the Near East. One of his popular works was Rivers in the Desert.

1901: “According to the Kreuz Zietung, the recently organized German Hebrew Aid Society will enter competition with the Alliance Israelite Univserselle in succoring Jews in distress in Southeastern Europe.

1902: While inParis, Herzl receives the invitation to appear before the Royal Commission for Alien Immigration in London. The meeting is scheduled to last two days.”

1903: Herzl renews his efforts to gain support Great Britain and again submits plans to Constantinople for a Charter for Mesopotamia.

1904: “The Seventh Annual Convention of the Federation of American Zionists” is scheduled to for a second day at Germania Hall in Cleveland, OH.

1905: Today, Acting Secretary Loomis of the State Department has been officially informed by Ambassador Meyer, at St. Petersburg, of the proposed new law in Russia under which all American passports, including those for citizens of the Hebrew faith, will be recognized there.

1906: It was reported today that Solomon Lowenstein was among the speakers at the “annual distribution of the Betty Bruhl and other prizes to the children of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum” “which amounted to about one thousand dollars in cash and were awarded for general excellence, proficiency in studies, and good grades.

1907: Max Margolis wrote to the Central Conference of American recommending the adoption of the report prepared by the Committee on the Uniform Pronunciation of Hebrew under the chairmanship of Dr. Henry Malter.

1907(22nd of Sivan, 5667): Young Barney Aaron, the English born American bare knuckle boxer who ws the U.S. Lightweight Champion and the son of English boxer Barney Aaron who was called “The Star of the East” passed away today on Long Island, NY.

1908: Alfred Dreyfus was wounded by a disgruntled journalist while “attending the ceremony” during which the ashes of Emile Zola were interred in the Pantheon.  Zola was the French journalist and author who led the fight to free Dreyfus during which he exposed the anti-Semitic and corrupt nature of the French officer corps.

1909: The President of the Turkish Chamber of Deputies speaks in favor of Jewish immigrants being admitted to the Ottoman Empire. He sees it a as a necessity for the growth of the country.

1910: Birthdate of Mannheim, Germany native and Heidelberg trained attorney Frank L. Auerbach who in 1938 fled Nazi Germany and came to the United States where he earned a Masters in Social Work from Columbia and became an expert on immigration law while raising two sons – Ernest and Steven – with his wife Gertrude.

1910: “The Girl in the Train”, the English language of Die geschiedene Frau (The Divorcée), an operetta in three acts by Leo Fall was performed for the first time today at the Vaudeville Theatre in London.
1911: The Hahambashi receives several telegrams from Arabia and Syria describing attacks on Jews. Details of the attacks were given to the authorities who could then intervene.

1911: Ground was broken today for the new building to be occupied by the Marks Nathan Jewish Orphan Home.

1912: Massachusetts became the first state to pass a minimum wage law. Boston attorney Louis Brandeis, the future Supreme Court Justice, was an ardent advocate for minimum wage laws.

1913: This evening, at the Columbia Club in Dallas, TX, David Eliassof, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Herman Eliassof of Chicago married “Marguerite C. Repp, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William Repp of Dallas, TX.”

1913(28thof Iyar, 5673): Rabbi Abraham Samuel Neumark passed away today in New York City.

1913(28thof Iyar, 5673): Journalist Lewis Godlove passed away today in St. Louis at the age of 55.

1914: Funeral services are scheduled to be held today for Theresa Kresham, the mother of four daughters and one son, Edwin Kresham after which burial will take place at Mount Israel.

1914: Two days after he had passed away, funeral services were held today at Furth’s chapel for sixty-six year old “Chevalier N .B. Emanuel, assistant director of the Chicago Grand Opera Company and museum of international note” who had been named Chevalier by the King of Italy

1915: As of today, “Warsaw newspapers which have been smuggled through the lines say that the number of homeless Jews on the Russian side is increasing steadily.”

1915: In Rochester, NY, Mayor Hiram H. Edgerton presided over a “mass meeting…in Convention Hall to protest against the scheduled execution of Leo Frank” which was condemned by the featured speaker by James. G. Cutler, the former Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States.

1915: According to the remarks of Ohio Judge Rufus R. Smith published today, “The execution of (Leo) Frank or even his imprisonment for any length of time would constitute an indictment of the administration of criminal law in this country which would be shameful and humiliating.”

1915: Irving Berlin and Jerome Siegel were chosen to serve as Governors at the annual election of officers today at the Friar’s Club on West 45th Street.

1915: In New York, The Appellate Division reversed a judgment that had been rendered in favor Daniel Guggenhiem’s Guggenheim Exploration Company and decdied that a mining engineer who had worked as assistant manager and consulting engineer for the company was entitled to stock in the Yukon Gold Company valued at more than $100,000.”

1915: “Fearing that a mass meeting which to be held on the State Capitol grounds” in Atlanta “tomorrow night for the purpose of protesting again the commutation of the death sentence of Leo M. Frank, may result in a riot, Mayor James G. Woodward this afternoon wrote Governor John M. Slaton urging that the latter have the military on hand at the meeting.”

1916: Herman Bernstein, editor of The American Hebrew received a cable from Lord Reading, Chief Justice of England, expressing his approval of Louis Brandeis taking his seat on the Supreme Court.  “Membership in the Supreme Court of the United States,” the English jurist wrote, “is one of the greatest distinctions known to the legal world and I heartily congratulate the new Associate Justice.”

1916: “The Central Committee of the United Krakauer War Relief Fund held its first meeting tonight at the Temple Israel at 120th Street and Lenox Avenue” where it began efforts to raise $50,000 to provide “relief for the destitute Jews of Cracow.”

1916: The National Farm School, “a Jewish institution in Bucks County” held its 19thannual Spring exercise marking the consecration of festive and memorial trees and the installation of the 52 students of the freshman class” was addressed by former U.S. President William Howard Taft.

1916: “Jacob H. Schiff informed the Kehillah at it its seventh annual convention today “that he had been hurt by recent attacks made upon him in connection with his efforts to help to solve the problems of his co-religionists and that hereafter Zionism, national, the Congress movement and Jewish politics in what form they may come up would be a sealed book to him.”

1917(13thof Sivan, 5677): While serving with His Majesty’s forces, 19 year old Second Lieutenant Vivian Sylvester Moses was killed today.

1917:  In Cleveland, Ohio, Anna (née Klafter) and Charles I. Metzenbaum gave birth to Howard Metzenbaumn, a Democrat and a liberal, who served in the U.S. Senate representing the state of Ohio.

1917: On the second day of anti-Jewish rioting at Leeds during which the Jewish quarter was looted, “Victor LIghtman…called upon the chief constable who assured them that immediate states would be taken to restore order.”

1917: In Pittsburgh, PA, the National Association of Jewish Social Workers Annual Convention went into its second day with presentations by Edwin Goldwasser, Morris D. Waldman and Solomon Lowensein.

1917: According to a dispatch from Paris, the “Spanish government has instructed its representatives in Berlin, Vienna and Constantinople to present an urgent note demanding the cessation of the persecution, deportations, and looting practiced against the Jews in Palestine.”

1917:  The Pulitzer Prizes for journalism, literature and music are awarded for the first time.  America’s premier honor for arts and literature was created under the terms of the will of publisher Joseph Pulitzer, an immigrant from Hungary whose father was Jewish and whose mother was Roman Catholic.

1917: In Argentina, President Iriogyen replied “favorably to a Jewish delegation which appealed for the intervention of the Government to bring about the cessation of massacres in Palestine.”

1917: During World War I Jules Cambon, Director-General of the French Foreign Ministry wrote to Nahum Sokolow offering vague words of support for Zionist efforts in Palestine. Much to the chagrin of the French, these vague assurances helped pave the way for the issuance of the Balfour Declaration.

1917: In Argentina, “President Irigoyen replied favorably to a Jewish delegation which appealed for the intervention of the government to bring about the cessation of the massacres in Palestine.

1917: The Ladies’ Auxiliary of Temple Shalom are scheduled to host the first meeting of a Red Cross unit being formed by Jewish women “on the North Side and North Shore suburban towns” this afternoon at 1 p.m.

1917: In the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn Abraham Miller, a tailor whose original last name was Milstein and his wife Lillian Blaban gave birth to Moishe (Morris) Miller who the world would know as Robert Merrill, the Baritone who gained fame singing for NBC and the Metropolitan Opera.

1918: Birthdate of Brooklyn native Herbert M. Mandell, a CPA and partner in the public accounting firm of Clarence Rainess and Company who was the deputy may of the Village of Hewlett Harbor, NY and the husband of Lenore Mandell with whom he had three children — Marjory, Richard and James.

1918: Catcher Bob Berman made his major league debut with the Washington Senators.

1918: Birthdate of Pennsylvanian Paul Friedlander, the Carnegie Tech quarterback who led his 6th ranked team to play No. 1 Texas Christian University in the fifth annual Sugar Bowl.

1918: Encouraged by the British, “Dr. Chaim Weizmann met the Emir Feisal, the leader of the Arab Revolt, near the port of Akaba, and worked out with him what seemed to be a satisfactory Arab support for a Jewish National Home in Palestine.”

1918: It was reported today that an epidemic of typhus is “raging at Safed where there at present over 500 Jewish orphans.”

1919(6thof Sivan, 5679): Shavuot

1919:  Birthdate of Robert Merrill. Born Morris (Moishe) Miller in Brooklyn, New York, Merrill was the son of two Jewish immigrants from Warsaw named Milstein who Americanized their name to Miller.  Robert Merrill became one of the greatest operatic baritones of the 20thcentury.  Lest anyone question his Jewishness please note that when Merrill died in 2004 he was buried in the Sharon Gardens Cemetery, the Jewish section of the Kenisco Cemetery.

1919: By a vote of 56 to 25 the United States passed the 19th Amendment which had the support of many Jews including the National Council of Jewish Women.

1920: It was reported today that Rabbi William Fineshriber will lecture at Tulane University on “The Hebrew Prophet as Mystic,” “Jewish Devotional Literature” and “Hebraic and Jewish Genius” as part of The Jewish Chautauqua Summer Courses.

1920: Alfred N. Bergman and Henry J.D. Meyer were promoted to the rank of Lieutenant while serving with the Field Artillery of the United States Army.

1920: Willard S. Isaacs was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant while serving with the Infantry of the United States Army.

1920: Herman H. Meyer, an officer serving in the Infantry was promoted to the rank of Captain in the U.S. Army.

1920: Albert Nunez of New Arabi, LA and Harry E. Rice of Xenia, OH were appointed postmasters today.

1920: Cavalry trooper Sol M. Lipman was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant in the United States Army.

1922: Twenty days before they assassinated Walther Rathenau, the same two assassins attempted to murder former Phillip Scheidemann, a non-Jewish leader of the Weimar Republic who was forced to flee Germany when the Nazis came to power.

1923(20thof Sivan, 5683): Eight-six year old Bavarian native and Ohio Law College trained attorney Simon Wolf, the husband of Caroline Hahn and the father of Florence Wolf Gotthold, who enjoyed friendships with Presidents Lincoln, Grant, McKinley and Wilson and who served in several governmental positions including counsul general Egypt while serving as an unofficial spokesman for the Jewish community passed away today.

1924: Birthdate of British immunologist Maurice Hart Lessof, the husband of Leila Liebster and President of the British Society for Allergy who said food allergies are common illness “that should be taken seriously” and that “many people have been forced to lead miserable lives because narrow-mined doctors are unwell to accept food allergy as a major cause of illness!”

1926: Dr. Nathan Ratnoff, Chairman of a Joint Hospital Committee representing Hadassah, the Women’s Zionist Organization of America and the American Physicians’ Committee, announced plans to establish a college of medicine at Hebrew University and to upgrade hospital facilities at the Mt. Scopus institution as part of a program to improve health conditions for those living in Palestine.  The committee plans on raising at least one million dollars to make the plans a reality.

1926 Ignacy Mościcki who would appoint Biblical scholar, historian and Jewish community leader Moses Schorr to serve in the Senate despite growing anti-Semitism, began serving as President of the Republic of Poland today who in 1935 as President of Poland and despite the growing anti-Semitism in the country appointed Biblical scholar, historian and Jewish community leader Moses Schorr to serve in the Senate.

1926: In Kiel, Germany, Rosel (née Zamora) and Rabbi Max Malina gave birth to Judith Malina “an American theater and film actress, writer, and director, who was one of the founders of The Living Theatre.” (As reported by Bruce Weber)

1927: Two weeks after Charles Lindbergh landed in Paris, Charles Levine’s plane Columbia took off from New York for what was supposed to be the first flight to Berlin.  Clarence Chamberlin was the pilot, but Levine was planning to lay claim to being the first trans-Atlantic passenger.  The flight ended at Eisleben, 100 miles short of Berlin but was longer than the Lone Eagle’s flight.

1927: Birthdate of Richard Allen Silberman, the native of Kansas City, MO who gained gamed as movie producer Richard “Dick” Shepard.

1929: In accordance with the terms of his seventy-one year old Nathan Lamport, who had passed away at Dobbs Ferry, in 1928 was buried in Jerusalem along with his late wife Sarah next to the grave of his father on the Mouth Olives in a service attended by his eldest son Samuel, his daughter-in-law Miriam, his brother Solomon and Samuel L. Sar, the “registrar of Yeshiva College of which Mr. Lamport was President.

1930: A sequel to the original Garrick Gaieties directed by Philip Loeb opened on Broadway today.

1931(19thof Sivan, 5691): Seventy-one year old Northwestern University trained  attorney Sigmund Zeisler, the Austrian born son of Ignatz Zeisler and Anna Kanner and husband of concert pianist and his second cousin Fannie Bloomfield Ziesler passed away today after which he was buried at Oak Woods Cemetery in Chicago.

1931: It was reported today that Miss Dorothy Duveen, the only daughter of Jewish art dealer Sir Joseph Duveen is engaged to marry the son and heir of Sir William Garthwaite, William F.C. Garthwaite.

1931(19th of Sivan, 5691): Mortimer L. Schiff “an American banker and notable early Boy Scouts of America (BSA) leader” passed away.  “Mortimer Leo Schiff was the only son of the German-Jewish American banker and philanthropist Jacob Schiff and his wife Therese. While he worked as a partner in the financial firm of Kuhn, Loeb & Co. from 1900 until his death in 1931, he also devoted much of his time to the development of scouting in America. He was a member of the World Scout Committee of the World Organization of the Scout Movement and the Theodore Roosevelt Council Executive Board. After a long tenure as vice-president of the BSA beginning in 1910, during which he also appeared on the cover of Time magazine on February 14, 1927, he was elected president of the organization in 1931. However, his untimely death came only one month later. He had also been serving as the BSA’s International Commissioner for several years. The property for the Mortimer L. Schiff Scout Reservation was subsequently purchased by his mother, named in his honor, and donated to the BSA for their national training center. His son John Mortimer Schiff was also involved with the BSA.” Schiff was awarded the Bronze Wolf, the only distinction of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, granted by the World Scout Committee for exceptional services to world Scouting. Both Mortimer and his son, John M. Schiff, received Silver Buffalo Awards from the BSA.”

1931: Birthdate of Sir Gustav Victor Joseph Nossal, AC, CBE, FRS, FAA, an Australian research biologist.

1932: As Germany spirals into political chaos In Germany, President Paul von Hindenburg dissolves the Reichstag and sets new elections for next month which are likely to be won by Hitler and his Nazis.

1933: CBS radio broadcast the last episode of the first season of “Lazy Dan, the Minstrel Man” starring Irving Kaufman today.

1933: Today, during “the eighth annual commencement exercise of the Jewish Institute of Religion, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise of the Free Synagogue declared that “one of the major tragedies of civilization is being enact in Germany where Jews are being oppressed and discriminated against by Chancellor Hitler.”

1934: In Poland, “The ORT Technical Training School for Girls, which carried on instruction in Yiddish received full state rights and privileges which are granted other public educational insitutions.”

1936: In Poland, the Prime Minister, F. Slawoj-Skladkowski, declared his support for the “economic war” against the Jews.

1936: Professor Georg Bernhard the “German journalist, statesman and economist who had given up his position as Chair of Economics at the University of Commercial Studies in Berlin as part of his protest against Hitler and is in the United States to raise fund for the German Jewish refugees in France is scheduled to “be the guest this afternoon of the Administrative Committee of the American Jewish Congress at a luncheon at the Hotel Biltmore.”

1936: Leon Blum became the first Jew to be elected premier of France. Blum, a socialist, instituted the 40-hour work week and many important social reforms. His government fell over lack of parliamentary support for his financial program, lasting only one year.

1936: In France, Georges Mandel completed his term as Minister of Post during which he “oversaw the first official television transmission in French.”

1936: “In Gaza, where eight of the twelve municipal councilors had refused to join the Arab strike, a bomb was thrown in the yard of the municipal offices” in an apparent attempt to intimidate them.

1937(25th of Sivan, 5697): Helmut Hirsch, a German Jew who was executed by decapitation, for his part in a bombing plot intended to destabilize the German Reich. There had been several efforts to intervene to save his life including a 11thhour appeal to Hitler who turned down the request. While details about the actual plan may be sketchy, there is no reason to doubt his courage. 

1937: The Palestine Post reported from London that the Colonial Secretary, Mr. Ormsby-Gore, told the House of Commons that in view of the changed financial and security situation in Palestine, and the uncertainty regarding the country’s future, pending the awaited recommendations of the Royal (Peel) Commission, he could not encourage the initiation of any schemes for immediate development in Palestine. He was leaving, however, open options for urgent development projects approved by the Palestine High Commissioner, Sir Arthur Wauchope.

1937: The Palestine Post reported that Kemal Bey, the well-known Arab terrorist who led the attack against Tel Yosef in 1921, was killed in his village in the Huleh area, as a result of a family dispute.

1937: In London, Henri Armand Hugh Selbourne, and Sulamith (Amiel) Selbourne – “a descendant of generations of Jewish thinkers and rabbinical scholars and, in a cognate line, sharing an ancestry with Karl Marx” gave birth to David Selbourne “a British political philosopher, social commentator and historian of ideas.”

1938(5thof Sivan, 5698): Parashat Bamidbar; erev Shavuot

1938(5thof Sivan, 5698): Sixty-nine year old Mary Goldfarb, the mother of three children – Jacob, Samuel and Lillian – and an active participant  “Brooklyn Jewish Charities” passed away today.

1938: Sigmund Freud, his wife Martha, his daughter Anna, left Vienna on the Orient Express bound for Paris, the way station on their final destination – London.

1939: The SS St. Louis, a German passenger liner carrying 900 Jewish refugees was denied permission to dock at any ports in Florida.  The ship steamed off the coast of the United States where the passengers could see the lights of Miami.  The Coast Guard had orders to keep the St. Louis and its Jewish passengers from reaching the United States.  The ship and its wretched cargo returned to the Europe where many perished in the Holocaust.  This episode became the basis for the film “Voyage of the Damned.”

1940: Under orders from Benito Mussolini, the Italians began building Ferramonti, the largest of 15 concentration camps constructed just before Italy entered World War II.

1940(27thof Iyar, 5700): Forty-nine year old Zevi Hirsch Wolf Diesendruck, the Austrian born scholar who translated Plato from Greek to Hebrew and “wrote several volumes on Maimonides passed away today in Cincinnati, OH where he was the chair of the Jewish Philosophy Department at Hebrew Union College.

1941(9th of Sivan, 5701): Fifty-three year old Polish born, Brooklyn Law School trained attorney Morris Michael Edeslstein, the two term New York Congressman died today in “the cloakroom of the House of Reprsentatives.”

1941: Eighty-two year old Wilhelm II, the last Kaiser died in exile in the Netherlands. While thousands of German Jews fought and died for the Kaiser, he was an anti-Semite who blamed his defeat and abdication on “the tribe of Judah.”

1941: The republic of Croatia issued an order depriving all Jews of their property and compelling them to wear a yellow badge with the letter Z.

1942(19th of Sivan, 5702): Mordechai Gebirtig, Yiddish poet and songwriter was murdered by the Nazis in the Krakow Ghetto on what was known as “Bloody Thursday.”

1942: Reinhard Heydrich, chief of the Reich Security Police and SD, dies of blood poisoning caused by injuries suffered in the May 27 attack by Czech partisans.  Heydrich chaired the conference in January of 1942 when the plans for the last phase of the final solution were set in motion.  The Czechs who killed him were working for the British and his killing really had nothing to do with his virulent anti-Semitic attitudes or plans.

1942: “Mrs. Miniver” the Academy Award film that provided an idealized view of Britain in the days of Dunkirk and the Battle of Britain directed by William Wyler, with a screenplay by George Froeschel and filmed by cinematographer Joseph Ruttenberg was released today in the United States. (Editor’s note – I love this film, corny as it may be)

1942:  The Battle of Midway begins and will last until June 6, 1942.  The American victory over Japan marked a major turning point on the road to victory for the Allies.  The victory was an audacious gamble pulled off by a comparatively small number of U.S. naval vessels against a major Japanese armada.  If the U.S. had lost, the Pacific coast would have been open to invasion.  The American victory was made possible, in part, by the ability of the Americans to read the Japanese code.  The team that cracked the code was led by Colonel William Friedman.  Friedman was the son of Russian immigrant Jews.  He and his wife were two of the top cryptologists of the 20th century.  This was no mean fete in the days before computers were available.

1943(1st of Sivan, 5703): Rosh Chodesh Sivan

1943(1stof Sivan, 5703): Seventy-nine year old Burnet Wadel, the Summit, Mississippi born son of Abraham and Ernestine Wadel, and pioneer settler in Tyler, TX where he was a member of the Board of Education and President of the Salvation Army passed away today.

1943(1stof Sivan, 5703):  Fifty-two year old Dutch native Sabiena Cohen, the wife of Levie Van Praage and mother of Jacques Van Praage was murdered today at Sobibor.

1943(1stof Sivan, 5703):  Fifty-five year old Dutch native Levie Van Praage, the husband of Sabiena Cohen and father of Jacques Van Praage was murdered today at Sobibor.

1943(1stof Sivan, 5703: Hannah Karminski, who assumed more of a leadership role of the Jüdischer Frauenbund, JFB (League of Jewish Women)  after Bertha Pappenheim passed away in 1936, was murdered today at Aushwitz-Birkenau.

1944: Thirty five year old Polish Olympic skier and artist Bronislaw Czech was murdered by the Germans today at Auschwitz. (Editor’s note – He was not Jewish but we have an obligation to remember all who were the victims of evil; Zachor: Remember lest you forget)

1945: Lyndon Johnson visited Dachau. According to Lady Bird, when her husband returned home, “he was still shaken, stunned, terrorized and bursting with an overpowering revulsion and incredulous horror at what he had seen.”

1945:  Soldiers of the Jewish Brigade had their first contact with Jews from central or Eastern Europe when four young men who had traveled from Poland, Rumania, Hungary and Czechoslovakia arrived at their camp at Tarvisio, Italy.

1946: By a 6-1 vote, with Justice Felix Frankfurter writing a concurring opinion, “the United States Supreme Court ruled in Morgan v. Virginia that a Virginia law, requiring segregation of white and African-American bus passengers, was illegal for interstate travel.”

1947: “The Jewish Agency for Palestine appealed today to the United Nations committee of inquiry into Palestine to recommend the establishment of a Zionist state” while also asking that General Assembly remove “British restrictions on Jewish immigration and land settlement immediately.”

1948: “Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House,” a most charming comedy produced by Dore Schary and Melvin Frank, who co-wrote the script and co-starring Melvyn Douglas was released today in the United States after premiering in New York three months earlier.

1948(26th of Iyar, 5708); Samuel Krauss passed away today in Cambridge.  Born in 1866, he served as professor at the Jewish Teacher’s Seminary in Budapest from 1894 to 1906 and then moved on to the Jewish Theological Seminary in Vienna where he stayed until the Anschluss forced to take refuge in England in 1938.  He was the author of the pioneering work on archaeology, Talmudische Archäologie

1948: The infant IAF began moving its units away from the front line toward a more secure base at Herzliya.

1949: Golda Myerson, the Israeli Minister of Labor, Social Insurance and Housing arrived in New York today “where she emphasized the critical housing shortage in Israel” and “asserted that 160,000 housing units were needed immediately to take care of the heavy influx of immigrants.”

1949: In New York, Florence and David Cohen, a Philadelphia City Councilman, gave birth to their first child Mark B. Cohen who served in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives for over forty years.

1950: In “Trouble-Shooter Diplomat,” published today Gertrude Samuels provides a detailed portrait of Israeli Diplomat Eliahu Elath who represented Israel at the San Francisco Conference in 1945, served as Israel’s first Ambassador to the United States and was about to assume a similar position at the Court of St. James.

1950(19thof Sivan, 5710): Sixty-five year Pinchus Kahanovich who wrote under the pseudonym “Der Nister” died today in the Gulag after having been arrested during Stalin’s purge that was designed to wipe out Jewish authors and the culture that had produced them.

1951(29th of Iyar, 5711): Russian born American symphony conductor Dr. Sergei Aleksandrovich Koussevitzky passed away.  Born in 1874, Serge, as he was known, was music director of the Boston Symphony for a quarter of a century.

1952: The Jerusalem Postreported from London that West Germany had tentatively offered to negotiate with Israel a reparations offer, totaling approximately $585 million, on the basis of 10 annual payments. The Times warned Germany not to make this restitution offer entirely at the expense of its other contractual creditors, and thus shirk its responsibility for the wrongs done to Jews by Hitler’s Germany.

1952: The Jerusalem Postreported that The Knesset approved amendments to the Patents and Designs Ordinances, aimed at fulfilling the requirements of the International Charter of 1934.

1952: The Jerusalem Postreported that restrictions were announced on a gradual reduction of interurban and urban bus services, ordered by the government in order to save fuel and foreign currency. Plans were made, however, for a complete end to the rationing of all textiles.

1953: In the United States, release date for MGM’s “Julius Caesar” directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz and filmed by Joseph Ruttenberg.

1956: New York Mayor Robert Wagner and Israeli Air Force General Shlomo Shamir addressed the annual donor luncheon of the Mizrachi Women’s Organization of America at the Waldorf-Astoria. Mayor Wagner told the 1,200 attendees that “the children in the State of Israel must receive every opportunity to grow up to become leaders and defenders of their country.”

1959 (27th of Iyar, 5719) Seventy-one one old Polish born, Columbia and JTS trained Rabbi Max Drob the long-time chaplain at Manhattan State Hospital and leader of the Concourse Center of Israel in the Bronx who raised four children – Judah, Harold, Frank and Ruth – with his wife Dorothy passed away today.

1959(27thof Iyar, 5719): Fifty-eight year old Hungarian born American movie director Charles Vidor who passed away while filming his last movie “Song Without End” passed away today.

1963(12th of Sivan, 5723): Seventy-seven year old Riga native and Cornell undergraduate Samuel Berkowitz the holder of a Masters from Columbia and the husband Frances Berkowitz with whom he raised three children, Henry, Arthur and Evelyn, who was a retired public school principal passed away today

1964:  Dodger pitcher Sandy Koufax threw his third no-hitter beating the Phillies, 3-0.

1967: Meir Amit reported to the cabinet meeting that U.S. Secretary Robert McNamara had said “I read you loud and clear.” in response to Amit’s request “All we want is three things: One, that you refill our arsenal after the war. Two, that you will help us in the UN. Three, that you will isolate the Russians from the arena.” Amit told the cabinet this was a green light from the United States if Israel launched a pre-emptive strike against its Arab enemies.

1967: As war clouds gathered over Israel, General Mordechai “Mottie” Hod “briefed his wing commanders.

1967:  For seven hours Israel’s National Unity Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Levi Eshkol met to hear a review of the military options presented by Moshe Dayan as well as an update by intelligence sources on the situation in the Egyptian military command.  Egyptian generals were pressuring Nasser to let them strike the first blow.  The “Arab streets” were demanding action.  Delay was Israel’s enemy.  Each day the Arab forces grew stronger, while Israel’s forces were at their “optimum level.”  The Cabinet agreed that the military option was all that was left.  The Cabinet voted unanimously to let Eshkol and Dayan choose the time and place of attack.  After the Cabinet adjourned, the two Israeli leaders agreed that H-hour was 7:45, Monday, June 5. The report delivered by General Meir Amit was considered critical to the decision. Amit had just returned from Washington where he met with Defense Secretary MacNamara who assured the Israeli General of America’s willingness to re-supply Israel after the war, help the Jewish state at the UN and to keep the Soviets out of the area.

1969: Rabbi Balfour Brickner said today that “eleven Reform student rabbis will live and work in the slums of major cities this summer in the third year of third year of the Rabbinic Internship in Urban Affairs program.”

1969(18thof Sivan, 5729): Eighty-two year old Lillian Schifrin, the Cincinnati born daughter of “Adolph Aira Berman and Mary Agnes Jacobs and the “ex-wife of Isidor Schifrin” passed away today in her home town.

1970(29th of Iyar, 5730): Seventy eight year old comedian Menasha Skulnik, known as Menasha the Magnificent, passed away today.

 1971(29th of Iyar, 5730): Sixty-nine year old comedian Joe E. Lewis best known for having been mutilated and left for dead after turning down a contract with Al Capone passed away today.

1971(11thof Sivan, 5731): Eighty-six year old Marxist philosopher György Lukács passed away in Budapest.

1972: After being released in the UK in May, “A Day in the Death of Joe Egg” directed by Peter Medak and co-starring Janet Suzman was released today in the United States.

1972: Joseph Brodsky, Russian born Jewish poet and essayist who would go on to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1987 and would serve as Poet Laureate of the United States in 1991 and 1992, was expelled from the Soviet Union.

1976(6thof Sivan): As Regan and Ford contest for the Republican nomination for President, observance of Shavuot

1981: The New York Times reported that George Balanchine, choreographer and artistic director of the New York City Ballet, has received the Jewish National Fund’s first Tarbut Award, given to the choreographer in honor of his ”great achievements in expanding the scope and dimension of dance in America and throughout the world.”

1981: Begin and Sadat held a summit meeting at Sharm El Sheikh two days before the scheduled of the Iraqi nuclear reactor – a fact known to Begin but not Sadat.

1982:  In attempt to dislodge the PLO from its bases, Israel attacked targets in south Lebanon.

1982: “Hank Panky” a comedy starring Gene Wilder and Gilda Radner was released today in the United States.

1983(23rdof Sivan, 5743): Parashat Sh’lach

1983(23rdof Sivan, 5743): Seventy year old Yaakov L. Fishman who had been chief rabbi of Moscow’s Choral Synagogue for twelve years passed away today.

 1985: In the seemingly endless attempt by some to breach the wall between church and state the U.S. Supreme Court rules in Wallace v Jaffree that an Alabama law mandating a minute of silent mediation or voluntary prayer at the start of the school day is unconstitutional.

1985: At Hod HaSharon, Rafi Fefaeli and former fashion model Tzipi Levine gave birth to actress and model Bar Refaeli.

1986: Jonathan Pollard, spy for Israel, pled guilty in US court

1987: The IPO music director, Zubin Mehta, conducts with soloists Itzhak Perlman and Gerry Mulligan in a classical-jazz concert.

1989: Wendy Wasserstein became the first woman to win a Tony Award for Best Play, for The Heidi Chronicles.

1990(11th of Sivan, 5750):  Jack Gilford passed away at the age of 82, a victim of stomach cancer. He gained fame as comedic actor whose “rubber face” was an acting trademark gained additional fame playing a piece of fruit in the Fruit of the Loom commercials.  

1993: “Life with Mikey” produced by Scott Rudin, co-starring David Krumholtz and featuring music by Alan Menken was released today in the United States.

1993: “Reemergence: Jewish Life in Eastern Europe,” a film series featuring “five recent movies and one short about the Jewish experience in Europe” is scheduled to open in Washington, D.C.

1994(25thof Sivan, 5754): Eighty-four year old Roberto Burle Marx “one of the most influential landscape architects of the twentieth century” whose works are on display at the Jewish Museum until September, passed away today

1995(6thof Sivan, 5755): Shavuot

1995(6thof Sivan, 5755): Seventy-six year old Leo Cantor who played fullback in the same UCLA backfield as Jackie Robinson and went on to a career in pro-football passed away today.

1995: Outfielder Brian Kowitz made his major league debut with the Atlanta Braves.

1997(28thof Iyar, 5757): Thirty years after the Six Day, Jews observe Yom Yerushalayim

1998: The Republican controlled U.S. House of Representatives passes “a School Prayer Amendment that would overturn the Supreme Court decision banning state-written and state-mandated Christians in public schools.:  While the Bill passed by a simple majority it failed to gain the two-thirds majority necessary to move forward the amending process.

2000: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including the recently released paperback edition of The Lexus and the Olive Treeby Thomas L. Friedman.

2001: Today, “in a day-long procession of grief” 19 young people, including Yelena and Yulia Nelimov, teenage sisters who came from Russia to live in Israel, who were a victim of a Tel Aviv suicide bombing on June 1, “were buried side by side here today in a row of eight fresh graves. (As reported by Joel Greenberg)

2002: The BBC broadcast “Victoria and Her Sisters” the 13th episode of “A History of Britain a documentary series written and presented by Simon Schama” which began its second season tonight.

2003: Based on the unofficial election results released today it was reported that “Jerusalem has elected its first ultra-Orthodox Jewish mayor, Uri Lupolianski, a rabbi and father of 12 who has pledged to improve city services and has refrained from confronting volatile political issues

2004: “Shul Life, Circa 1850” published today, Adam Dickter provides a portrait of the “early days of Brooklyn’s Kane Street synagogue.

2005(26th of Iyar, 5765): Parashat Bamidbar

2005: Syria’s information minister today denied Israeli claims that his country test-fired Scud missiles on May 27, calling the accusations an “expression of Israel’s hostile intentions.” (As reported by Steve Erlanger.)

2006: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including the recently released paperback editions of Perfectly Reasonable Deviations From the Beaten Track: The Letters of Richard P. Feynman,Edited by Michelle Feynman, What We Owe Iraq: War and the Ethics of Nation Building by Noah Feldman and Wilt, 1962: The Night of 100 Points and the Dawn of a New Era by Gary Pomerantz.

2006:  In a show of the changing face of Jewish involvement in all facets of life Haaretz reported that Israeli tennis player Shahar Peer advanced to the last sixteen of the French Open, after a resounding 6-4, 7-5 defeat of sixth-seeded Russian Elena Dementieva. Peer, ranked 26 in the world, has won three out of three tournaments this year – Pattaya, Prague and Istanbul – but this is her first win against a top ten player who has also competed in two Grand Slam finals.

2007: In the “Verbatim” section Time magazine featured the following quote by Rutka Laskier, “’If only I could say, It’s over, you only die once … but I can’t, because despite all these atrocities, I want to live, and wait for the following day.’” Rutka Laskier has been described as the Polish Anne Frank. Like Frank, she wrote a Holocaust-era diary, at the age of 14. Like Frank, Laskier perished during the Holocaust. Apparently, the Nazis killed her at Auschwitz.

2007: An article about Scholar and Rabbi Jacob Neusner entitled “The Pope’s Favorite Rabbi” appears in Time Magazine. The brief article briefly describes Neusner’s view of Christianity and their impact on Pope Benedict XVI.  The Pope devotes 20 pages of his new book to A Rabbi Talks with Jesus, a 161-page tome published in 1993. In that volume, the professor (now at Bard College in Annandale-on-Hudson, N.Y.) and non-congregational rabbi projected himself back into the Gospel of Matthew to quiz Jesus on the Jewish law. He found the Nazarene’s interpretation irredeemably faulty. In his 14-years-delayed response, Benedict not only compliments Neusner as a “great Jewish scholar” but also recapitulates the thesis of A Rabbi Talks and spends a third of one of his 10 chapters answering it.

2008: In Washington, D.C., the AIPAC Policy Conference comes to an end.

2008(1st of Sivan, 5768): Rosh Chodesh Sivan

2008: Today, the Great Synagogue of Brussels which had been designed in 1875 and built in 1875 was dedicated as the “Great Synagogue of Europe” today by President José Manuel Barroso and two of Europe’s leading rabbis who signed a document of dedication.

2008: A judge declared a mistrial in the case of Navee Haq, the man who stormed into a Jewish center two years ago and shot six women, killing one, as he ranted against Israel and the Iraq war.  The jurors appeared to be hopelessly deadlocked over whether or not he was guilty by reason of insanity. 

2008: The Historical Society of Jews from Egypt asked the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to intervene on its behalf with government in Cairo sincethe Egyptians have refused to release archives connected to the Jewish community.

2009: Elinor Lipman, author of the bestselling novels The Inn at Lake Devineand Isabel’s Bed, reads from her new novel, The Family Man, at Sixth and I Historic Synagogue (formerly Adas Israel) in Washington, D.C.

2009: Stanley “Drucker was awarded a Guinness World Record for longest career as a clarinetist after his performance of Aaron Copland’s Clarinet Concerto with the orchestra. Guinness thus logged his Philharmonic career at “62 years, 7 months and 1 day as of June 4, 2009”.

2009: The Israeli government praised U.S. President Barack Obama’s speech to the Muslim world today, saying it shared his hopes for Middle East peace, but stressed that Israel’s security interests remained paramount.

2010: The “Waiting Room,” the first New York solo exhibition of Be’er Sheva native Maya Bloch is scheduled to open at Thierry Goldberg Projects.

2010: At Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, IA, Friday night services feature the baby-naming ceremony for Nicole Charley Hurwitz, the second granddaughter of Ivy and Bill Hurwitz.

2010: The Baltimore Zionist District is scheduled to sponsor “A Rally to Stand in Solidarity with Israel” at the corner of Pratt and Light Street in Baltimore, MD.

2010(22ndof Sivan, 5770): Ninety-nine year old Himan Brown who created a series of classic radio dramas including “The Adventures of the Thin Man”, “Dick Tracy,” and “Inner Sanctum” passed away today. (As reported by Joseph Berger)

2011(2ndof Sivan, 5771): Eighty three year old Felix Zandman, the Holocaust survivor who “founded Vishay Intertechnology Inc., a $2 billion electronics firm traded on Wall Street that supplies the computer, aerospace and other industries” passed away today.

2011(2ndof Sivan, 5771): Ninety-one year old Leo Greenland, advertising man par excellence, passed away. (As reported by Maraglit Fox)

2011: The great New Zealand soprano Kiri Te Kanawa is scheduled to give a rare recital tonight at the Jerusalem International Convention Center (Binyanei Hauma)

2011(2ndof Sivan, 5771): Thirty-six year old Buffalo Grove High and University of Illinois alum Lindsey Durlacher, the Greco-Roman wrestler who won Gold Medals in four Maccabiah Games passed away today as a result of the injuries he suffered in a snowmobile accident.

2011: “Sundaes on Saturday” will be the theme of this month’s traditional Shabbat Minyan at Temple Judah featuring a Kiddush where attendees will make their own ice cream concoctions as everybody gets in the Shavuot Mood.

2011: Thousands visited Krakow’s seven historic synagogues in an unprecedented event aimed to foster Jewish identity among Krakow’s small Jewish community.

2011: Around 5,000 people took part in a march in central Tel Aviv this evening supporting the establishment of a Palestinian state based on the 1967 borders. The march ended with a rally at the Tel Aviv Museum. MKs Dov Khenin (Hadash) and Zahava Galon (Meretz) and playwright Yehoshua Sobol gave speeches.”

 2012: Melting away “the first feature film in the history of Israeli cinema dealing with the parents’ perspective on having a transgender child” is scheduled to be shown in Washington, DC.

2012: The 92nd Street Y is scheduled to offer “It’s Magic: Nine Decades of Songs from Warner Brothers” which celebrates the role of music at the studio owned by four Jewish brother starting with “The Jazz Singer.”

2012: In Jerusalem, the Israel Festival is scheduled to host “Theatre ad Infinitum” at the Khan Theatre 

2012(14thof Sivan, 5772): Seventy-four year old Steve Ben Israel passed away.

2013: The Alexandria Kleztet is scheduled to perform at Bethesda Blues and Jazz Supper Club in Bethesda, MD.

2013: Finerman’s Rules: Secrets I’d Only Tell My Daughters About Business and Lifeby Karen Lisa Finerman was published today by Hachette Book Group’s Business Plus

2013: Revenge Wears Prada by Lauren Weisberger, a sequel to The Devil Wars Prada was released today and “debuted at No. 3 on the New York Times bestseller list.

2013: At Tel Aviv University the conference entitled “Holy War and Sacred Struggle in Judaism, Christianity and Islam” is scheduled to come to an end.

2013: Revenge Wears Prada: The Devil Returns by Lauren Weisberger was published today.

2013: The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum and The Center for Jewish History are scheduled to present a panel discussion entitled “Hungary and the Holocaust: Assessing the Past; Preparing for the Future.”

2013: Relations between coalition parties Hatnua and the Bayit Yehudi continued to deteriorate today, with Religious Services Minister Naftali Bennett effectively blocking a bill by MK Elazar Stern (Hatnua) to change the panel that chooses the chief rabbis.(As reportedy Lahav Harkov & Jeremy Sharon)

2013: IDF Chief of Staff Lt.-Gen. Benny Gantz has ordered a major reduction in the employment of external advisers, and cancelled all non-operational trips of IDF delegations to militaries abroad today. Speaking at the site of an Infantry Corps drill, Gantz said he believes the IDF is up to the “difficult task” of making defense budget cuts. (As reported Yakkov Lapin)

2014 (6th of Sivan, 5774): Shavuot

2014: Starting at 12:30 A.M. the JCC in Manhattan is scheduled to show “Tikkun Leil Shavuot: Supermensch” a film at about Shep Gordon.

2014: As part of the Shavuot celebration Jews in Little Rock are scheduled to gather at the Chabad House under the leadership of Rabbi Pinchas Ciment for a reading of the Ten Commandments followed by a delicious dairy Kiddush complete with cheesecake and ice cream.

2014: At least 46,000 tickets have been sold for the Rolling Stones first ever concert in Israel which is scheduled to take place tonight at Tel Aviv’s Yarkon Park. (Time of Israel)

2014: The Shalom Hartman Institute is scheduled to hold English language study sessions as part of the Shavuot observances led by Suzanne Last Stone, Gil Tory, Menachem Fisch and Menachem Loberbaum.

2014: The Iron Dome system fired intereptors as at least two mortars were fired from Syria into the Golan Heights.

2014: As Israelis celebrate Shavuot they are experience a heat wave resulting in record or near record temperatures at Beersheba, Kfar Saba, Haifa and Tel Aviv. (As reported by Noam (Dabul) Dvir)

2015: In Washington, DC, Theatre J is scheduled to celebrate “30 years of Charles Busch” with a performance of “The Tale of the Allergist’s Wife.”

2015: The Israel Film Center Festival is scheduled to open the JCC Manhattan.

2015: “The US Senate unanimously approved a resolution condemning anti-Semitism in Europe” today.

2015: The International Consortium for Research on Antisemitism and Racism; Center for Research on Antisemitism, Berlin and the Pears Institute for the study of Antisemitism are among the co-sponsors of “Gender, Memory and Genocide: An International Conference Marking 100 Years Since the Armenian Genocide” is scheduled to open today

2015: The Cleveland Cavaliers, led by Coach David Blatt are scheduled to play the Golden State Warriors in the first game of the NBA Championship series.

2016(27thof Iyar, 5776):  Completion of Vayikra (Leviticus)

Bechukotai (In my statutes); for more see

2016: “Tatram,” “an eclectic instrumental power trio for in Israel in 2011 is scheduled to perform this evening at Iridium.

2016: “Facts on the Ground,” a solo exhibition of the works Shimon Attie at the Jack Sahinman Gallery is scheduled to end today.

2016: The 17th annual Washington Music Festival is scheduled to open tonight with a performance by “Yemen Blues.”

2016: A solo exhibition featuring the works of Tal Eshed is scheduled to end at Tanja Grunert Gallery.

2016: The Northern Virginia Hebrew Congregation is scheduled to host its Casino Royale fundraising event.

2017: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Testimony by Scott Turow, Grown-Up Anger: The Connected Mysteries of Bob Dylan, Woody Guthrie, and the Calumet Massacre of 1913 by Daniel Wolff, Light Come Shining: The Transformations of Bob Dylan by Andrew McCarron and Bob Dylan: The Lyrics by Bob Dylan.

2017: As part of the Israel Festival “The Incubator Theater is scheduled to bring its treatment of “Job,” starring veteran actor Sasson Gabbay in the role of the tormented emissary, supported by Keren Hadar as Job’s wife to the Henry Crown Hall, Jerusalem Theater.”

2017: “Shavuot Park Day” is scheduled to take place this afternoon at Hudson Springs Park in Cleveland, Ohio.

2017: Author Marty Brounstein is scheduled to “share a remarkable true story of courage during the Holocaust, when Frans and Mien Wijnakker, a Catholic couple in a small town, saved the lives of over two dozen Jews in southern Holland during World War II at The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to host

2017: “Attorney Nitsana Darshan-Leitner who “has spent the past decade filing lawsuits for the victims of terror attacks against the governments, banks and corporations that enabled or financed the violence” is scheduled to “speak about her work in a live interview in Jerusalem” today.

2017: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington is scheduled to host the “H Street, NE Stroller Tour” where attendees will visit a neighborhood once home to “75 Jewish-owned businesses.”

2017: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host an afternoon of “Punting and Picnics.”

2017: In Stony Brook, New York, an exhibit entitled, “Brilliant Partners: Judith Leiber’s Handbags & The Art of Gerson Leiber” that “features nearly 200 examples of “his and her” art: 130 of her handbags and 50 of his pieces” is scheduled to come to an end today.

2018: Marc Jacobs, who won the Council of Fashion Designers of America’s Lifetime Achievement Award in 2011 is scheduled to attend the organization’s award ceremony tonight at the Brooklyn Museum where he is one of the nominees for “the group’s top award, women’s wear designer of the year.”

2018: The Temple Emanu-El Streicker Center is scheduled to host an evening with former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and Secretary State of Collin Powell, the only Yiddish speaker to hold both of these positions.

2018: Tonight, “when some of fashion’s biggest names gather at the Brooklyn Museum for the annual Council of Fashion Designers of America awards — often called the Oscars of the fashion world — a familiar figure will again be celebrated: Marc Jacobs.”

 2018: The Straus Historical Society is scheduled to host its Silent Auction this evening.

2018: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host an evening with Rabbi Ram Winograd, the graduate of Hebrew University and Oxford who “resides as Judge at the Jerusalem District Court.”

2018: In Los Angeles, Rabbi Mendel is scheduled to present the final session “Kabala of Communication – It’s Art and Soul.”

2019(1stof Sivan, 5779) Rosh Chodesh Sivan

2019(1stof Sivan, 5779): Seventy-three year old Nacham Rivlin, the wife of President Reuven Rivlin passed away today.

2019: In Metairie, LA, meeting of the Rosh Choesh Society, a monthly night out where “women of all walks of life” share and enjoy an evening of camaraderie” while discussing “how to bring meaning to everyday life.”

2019: In Atlanta, the Breman Museum is scheduled to host the second day of the Summer Institute on Teaching the Holocaust.”

2019: The YIVO Institute for Jewish Research is scheduled to host “Hebrew Liederaband – An Evening of Hebrew Music” which “was devised by YIVO’s Anne E. Leibowitz Visiting Professor-in-Residence in Music, Neil W. Levin, who will deliver the pre-concert lecture on the development of the Modern Hebrew song tradition, its literary basis, and the spirit of rejuvenation that drove it.”

2019: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host its annual Summer Party including “a kosher barbecue, dancing, singing and beatboxing.”

2019: As part of his series on “The Ten Lost Tribes” Rabbi Dr. Raphael Zarum, the Dean of the London School of Jewish Studies is scheduled to lecture on the “Deportations: Where did the Ten Tribes go?”

2019: Avivah Zornberg, the author of Moses: A Human Life is scheduled to end her latest American lecture tour today.

2020: Peninsula JCC’s Michele Solomon is scheduled to host a virtual demonstration of how to make a rainbow challah in honor of Pride month.

2020: The S.F.-based Jewish Film Institute is scheduled to present the 26-minute pilot episode of “Lady Liberty” a comedy about an aspiring Jewish comedian learning to claim her queerness followed by conversation with creator-writer-star Julia Lindon and director Lee Nagel.

2020: Live on Zoom the American Jewish Historical Society is scheduled to present “The Art of the Jewish Family.”

2020: The JCC of Greater Boston is schooled to present PJ Library sisters Hannah and Lyla from their home as they guide you through a step-by-step crafting tutorial.

2020: Live via Zoom, JWA is scheduled to present “Leading through Crisis and Change:

Jewish Women at the Turn of the 20th Century.”

2020: The Temple Emanu-El Streicker is scheduled to host Harvey Fierstein “for a schmooze with Academy Award Winner Elinor Burkett.

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